Frank Lloyd Wright, Guggenheim exhibition review (A+U)
France, 1958: Gaston Bachelard, a beloved philosophy professor, pens The Poetics of Space, a life's work which presses for an authenticity of form-making. He cites shells as an expemplar of generating form, "aware of the fact that a shell carved by a man would be obtained from the outside, through a series of enumerable acts, that would bear the mark of touched-up beauty." The mollusk, on the other hand, forms its shell from within, crafting a perfect artifact as a natural outgrowth of a natural process. And the form that results? A spiral.